Delhi, the capital city of India is one of the country’s largest urban hubs. Delhi is located on the banks of river Yamuna, which is a tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) river. This territory is bordered by Uttar Pradesh to the east, and Haryana to the north, west, and south. The urban agglomerations around Delhi include Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad, and Faridabad which are collectively referred to as National Capital Region (NCR). From the conference attendee’s point of view, the host city Delhi has a lot to offer. Old Delhi’s Chandni Chowk is one of the busiest and most densely populated markets, where you can shop, eat, and explore many wholesale and retail outlets. Delhi is known for its enriched culture and heritage. Delhi has famous historical monuments that depict the cultural impact of Mughals, ancient Indian rulers, and the British. Delhi has three World Heritage Sites: the Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and Humayun’s Tomb.
Red fort, famously known as the Lal Qila, was built by Shah Jahan and was the main residence of the Mughal dynasty. The word ‘lal’ in Hindustani means ‘Red’, while the word ‘Qalàh’ derived from Arabic means ‘Fortress’ The planning and architectural style represent the zenith of Mughal creativity. The Red sandstone walls of Lal Qila remind us of the magnificent power and grandeur of the Mughal emperors. UNESCO designated Red Fort as a World Heritage Site in 2007.
Qutub Minar, a 73-meter-high tower that was built in 1193 by Qutub-ud-din Aibak never fails to fascinate people with its architecture. Red sandstone makes up the first three storeys of the tower, while marble and sandstone make up the fourth and fifth. It is one of the popular tourist attractions in Delhi and is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Delhi. A three-day long Qutub Festiva is held at the Qutub complex during the month of November-December, which includes various live cultural events.
The India Gate, initially called the All India War Memorial commemorates 84,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the first world war. It is located astride of Rajpath and this 42 meters tall structure has a number of visitors every day. Another memorial called Amar Jawan Jyoti was constructed near the India Gate after the Indo-Pakistani war in the year 1971.
Humayun’s tomb was the first garden-tomb built in the Indian subcontinent, which was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1993. Persian and Indian craftsmen built this tomb, the first-of-its-kind 16th-century monument that depicts Mughal architectural grandeur. With pools connected by channels, Humayun’s garden tomb is an example of the charbagh style of gardens.
Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India. It is spread across 130 hectares with 340 rooms. As part of the Estate, the state-of-the-art Rashtrapati Bhavan Museum Complex (RBMC) inaugurated by President Pranab Mukherjee on 25th July 2016 comprises the Clock Tower, the regal ceremonies, and the rich flora and fauna of Rashtrapati Bhavan.